The Branches and Subfields of Psychology

Many people are under the misimpression that all psychologists are therapists in a cozy office asking their patient laying on a couch how they are feeling today. Whilst therapy is a major profession in the field of psychology, psychologists deal with a myriad of different issues, people, subjects and work environments.

The Major Branches

Biological psychology is the branch of psychology that studies the links between neuroscience and genetics and psychological processes.  ¨

Evolutionary psychology is the study of the roots of behaviour and mental processes using the principles of natural selection.

Psychodynamic psychology is the branch that studies how unconscious drives and conflicts influence behaviour and uses that informational to treat people with psychological disorders.

Behavioural psychology is the scientific study of observable behaviour, it is explained by principles of learning.

Humanistic psychology focuses on how we meet our needs for love and acceptance and achieve self-fulfilment.


Subfields of Psychology 

Psychometrics is the scientific study of the measurement of human abilities, attributes, and traits.

Basic research is pure science that aims to increase the scientific knowledge base used for research.

Developmental psychology is the scientific study of physical, cognitive, and social change throughout the life span.

Educational psychology is the study of how psychological processes affect and can change teaching and learning.

Personality psychology is the study of how an individual’s characteristics, pattern of thinking, feeling, and action.

Social psychology is the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and relate to one another.

Applied research is the scientific study that aims to solve practical problems.

Industrial-organisational psychology is the application of psychological concepts and methods to optimising human behaviour in the workplace.

Human factors psychology is the study of how people and machines interact and the design of safe and easily used machines and environments.

Counselling psychology is the branch of psychology that assists people with problems in living (social, work, marriage, etc.) to help them achieve greater well-being.

Clinical psychology is the branch of psychology that studies, assesses, and treats people with psychological disorders.

Psychiatry is a branch of medicine dealing with psychological disorders, practiced by physicians who often provide medical treatments as well as psychological therapy.